Over the next few years, global meat production will increase significantly, which may lead to price fluctuations on the soybean market. At the same time, consumers have higher demands in terms of traceability and eco-balance. This is a particular challenge for Europe, as a large proportion of the required protein feed comes from abroad.
See the interactive infographics to find out what is happening in Europe and how gaps could be filled.
SOYA PRODUCTION WORLDWIDE AND IN EUROPE
Italy and France are the largest soya producers in Europe. Of the 347m t of soya produced worldwide, 80% goes to the food industry for oil and protein production. After pressing or extraction, soya meal remains for animal feed.
IMPORTS INTO THE EU
14.1m t of soyabeans and 18.3m t of soyabeans meal are imported into the EU 28 per year.
EUROPEAN AUTONOMY BY PROTEIN CONTENT CATEGORY
Discover the proportion of self-sufficiency depending on the protein group:
protein content< 15%
EU 28 TOTAL PROTEIN USE
Sorted by source, in million t raw protein
18,54m tCrops38m tRoughage25,95m tCo-products from pressing2,5m tNon-plant sources
DEVELOPMENT OF MEAT PRODUCTION
In the mid-term, no price explosion is to be expected on the soyabean market: Projections by the USDA predict a soyabean meal price increase of only $35 (£29)/t by 2027/2028. In the long term, some parameters point to possible supply bottlenecks. For example, the increase in global meat production, according to the FAO.
HOW TO CLOSE THE GAP?
Old and new protein sources offer solutions for more independence
Rapeseed meal with low fibre content and protein content up to 46% thanks to new processing methods
PEAS, BEANS, LUPINS AND CO
Good candidates to boost self-sufficiency in mid to high protein levels
There is hope that breeding will help adapt soya to European climates and get rid of unwanted ingredients
Very good amino acid patterns and unbeatable area efficiency – but EU legislation could be an obstacle
They turn CO2 into a highly concentrated protein product. However, environmental footprint needs to be improved
With 50% crude protein content, they are a good source of protein for pigs, but currently expensive to produce
SOURCES: FAO, DG AGRI (FIGURES 2017-2018), AGRESTE